Bioarchaeology of the Near East, 16:1-27 (2022)
Bioarchaeological research in Cyprus: A review
Grigoria Ioannou*, Kirsi O. Lorentz
Science and Technology in Archaeology and Culture Research Center,
The Cyprus Institute,
20 Konstantinou Kavafi Street, 2121 Nicosia, Cyprus
email: email@example.com (corresponding author)
Abstract: We present a review of the history of human bioarchaeological research in Cyprus
through the examination of published literature. We survey and discuss past and current
trends, indicate gaps, highlight developments within recent years, propose future directions
and provide an up-to-date literature review. While scholarly studies of ancient Cypriot human
remains had already begun to emerge towards the end of the 19th century, continuing
intermittently throughout the 1900s, significant changes took place during the 1980s. This
later flourishing of human bioarchaeology in Cyprus, in contrast to conventional archaeological
research, which had been making significant contributions to the investigation of
ancient Cyprus since the early 20th century, is aligned with international developments.
During the last two decades of the 20th century, human bioarchaeology in Cyprus sees a
significant development towards a more scientific orientation in contrast to previous years.
To date, 201 publications on Cypriot archaeological human remains have been found in
journals, bulletins, books, monographs, proceedings and postgraduate research theses. The
1980s mark the beginning of a new era within human bioarchaeology in Cyprus. The
number of problem-oriented human bioarchaeological studies focusing on archaeological
questions as well as the number of studies drawing on scientific techniques beyond the
standard morphological and metric approaches have increased significantly within the last
decades. The number of researchers focusing on human bioarchaeology in Cyprus has also
increased. Recent years have seen state-of-the-art approaches increasingly applied to the
investigation and analysis of human remains, taking place within an interdisciplinary archaeological
framework. These developments and the introduction of further cutting-edge
methods and techniques are contributing towards key interpretations about the ancient
inhabitants of the island and their lifeways.
Key words: human osteology; science history; literature review
https://doi.org/10.47888/bne-1601 | Received 6 October 2021; accepted 1 July 2022; published online 30 September 2022.
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